The secretary of digital social communication of the Ministry of Communications of the authorities of Lula may have some vital duties that can be carried out in 2023. The first of them is the closure of analog TV, which channels must go off the air at the end of the 12 months, and begin the course of of utilizing TV 3.0.
When Lula was in authorities in his first time period, one of the most vital points in the subject of broadcasting was the definition of the Brazilian Digital TV System, creating the technological circumstances for broadcasting to depart the analogue period. It was throughout Lula’s first administration that ISDB-T was outlined as the TV 2.0 customary, and in 2007 the digitization of the first channels started, with the expectation that it could be accomplished in the distant 12 months of July 2018 (date. later revised to the end of 2023).
But this course of solely began to speed up with the launch of the 700 MHz frequency band, consequently of the 4G public sale held at the end of the first time period of Dilma Rousseff, in 2013. the closure of analog TV in about 1600 cities the place the spectrum was restricted. This work was accomplished in 2018 by the Digitization Administrator Entity (EAD), organized by Anatel via the digitization group, Gired. But some cities shouldn’t be closed instantly.
A second section in the EAD venture was then launched, together with utilizing the leftovers from the first section. Bolsonaro’s authorities named this second section Digitaliza Brasil, which is a program to offer free digital providers to city households in cities the place there aren’t any business channels with distributors. Transmitters have been distributed, put in and deployed in hundreds of cities, in a course of that ends in April of this 12 months. After that, it is going to be the choice of the political authorities to change off the analog indicators from the TV stations, since at the moment virtually all of the TV receivers in the inhabitants have already got the capacity to obtain TV indicators.
Why delete it?
The most vital motive for the closure of analogue is to unencumber spectrum for future use, particularly for digital TV 3.0. This is the third era of know-how that is in the course of of defining the technical parameters and setting boards and which ought to have began working in the coming years, perhaps nonetheless in the authorities of Lula 3, which is able to proceed till January 2027. TV 3.0 is to allow top quality photographs, akin to 4K broadcasting, and larger integration with providers distributed on the Internet. The Broadcasting Department of the Ministry of Communications abandons the Digital TV 3.0 Policy and is prepared for the new secretariat of digital media to be launched, if it is deemed to be politically motivated.
From the level of view of TV broadcasters, turning off the analog sign is vital to avoid wasting power and upkeep prices, however not everybody is technically able to make this modification and the protection of terrestrial TV broadcasters is missing in a big half of. Brazilian. This dialogue subject has been partially resolved by the institution of satellite tv for pc broadcasting, however it is a course of that may solely be totally carried out if the C-band indicators are switched off.
From the level of view of public TV, Digitaliza Brasil ended up, in a manner, with a optimistic impact of rising the distribution of channels akin to TV Brasil (EBC) and Legislative processes. The downside is that nobody is aware of who will do the job of sustaining and persevering with with the assist of this electrical energy community that has been given to hundreds of municipalities, as they don’t have the construction or expertise to run the radio.
And there is one other political choice that may must be taken by the new Minister of Communication Juscelino Filho: what to do with the spectrum that is being launched in order to change off analogue TV. Now there are 7 TV channels in all municipalities of Brazil on the so-called “excessive VHF”, which incorporates frequencies from 174 MHz to 216 MHz (channel 7 to 13). These channels can be utilized for the transition to TV 3.0, giving all stations a spot for simulcast (simultaneous transmission in the present ISDB-T customary and in DTV 3.0).
But there is additionally the chance of political use of these networks, giving new assist to broadcasting. Some allies of Bolsonaro, for instance, have deliberate to create a community of as much as 1,000 cities for the authorities broadcasting carried out by the EBC. TV Brasil, it is assumed, may even have the character of a public TV channel in the authorities of Lula, with editorial freedom, as beforehand established by legislation. But the EBC is related to the Ministry of Communications and there is no consensus amongst the politicians going through President Lula that it must be an unbiased public broadcaster, in the mannequin of the BBC, because it was initially achieved.