The end of analog TV is Lula’s first challenge in the broadcasting sector


The secretary of digital social communication of the Ministry of Communications of the authorities of Lula can have some essential duties that might be carried out in 2023. The first of them is the closure of analog TV, which channels must go off the air at the end of the yr, and begin the course of of utilizing TV 3.0.

When Lula was in authorities in his first time period, one of the most essential points in the subject of broadcasting was the definition of the Brazilian Digital TV System, creating the technological situations for broadcasting to go away the analogue period. It was throughout Lula’s first administration that ISDB-T was outlined as the TV 2.0 normal, and in 2007 the digitization of the first broadcasters started, with the expectation that it will be accomplished in the distant yr of July 2018 (the later date. was revised to the end of 2023).

But this course of solely began to speed up with the launch of the 700 MHz frequency band, because of this of the 4G public sale held at the end of the first time period of Dilma Rousseff, in 2013. the closure of analog TV in about 1600 cities the place the spectrum was restricted. This work was accomplished in 2018 by the Digitization Administrator Entity (EAD), organized by Anatel by the digitization group, Gired. But some cities shouldn’t be closed instantly.

A second section in the EAD challenge was then launched, together with utilizing the leftovers from the first section. Bolsonaro’s authorities named this second section Digitaliza Brasil, which is a program to distribute free digital providers to city households in cities the place there are not any industrial channels with those that return them. Transmitters have been distributed, put in and deployed in hundreds of cities, in a course of that ends in April of this yr. After that, it will likely be the choice of the political authorities to change off the analog indicators from the TV stations, since as we speak nearly all of the TV receivers in the inhabitants have already got the capability to obtain TV indicators.

Why delete it?

The most essential purpose for the closure of analogue is to liberate spectrum for future use, particularly for digital TV 3.0. This is the third era of know-how that is in the course of of defining the technical parameters and setting boards and which ought to have began working in the coming years, perhaps nonetheless in the authorities of Lula 3, which is able to proceed till January 2027. TV 3.0 is to allow top quality pictures, reminiscent of 4K broadcasting, and larger integration with providers distributed on the Internet. The Broadcasting Department of the Ministry of Communications abandons the Digital TV 3.0 Policy and is prepared for a brand new secretariat of communications to be issued, if it is deemed to be politically motivated.

From the level of view of TV broadcasters, turning off the analog sign is essential to save lots of vitality and upkeep prices, however not everybody is technically able to make this alteration and the protection of terrestrial TV broadcasters is missing in a big half of. Brazilian. This dialogue difficulty has been partially resolved by the institution of satellite tv for pc broadcasting, but it surely is a course of that can solely be absolutely applied if the C-band indicators are switched off.

From the level of view of public TV, Digitaliza Brasil ended up, in a approach, with a constructive impact of rising the distribution of channels reminiscent of TV Brasil (EBC) and Legislative processes. The drawback is that nobody is aware of who will do the job of sustaining and persevering with with the assist of this electrical energy community that has been given to hundreds of municipalities, as they don’t have the construction or expertise to run the radio.

And there is one other political choice that can have to be taken by the new Minister of Communication Juscelino Filho: what to do with the spectrum that is being launched in order to change off analogue TV. Now there are 7 TV channels in all municipalities of Brazil on the so-called “excessive VHF”, which incorporates frequencies from 174 MHz to 216 MHz (channel 7 to 13). These channels can be utilized for the transition to TV 3.0, giving all stations a spot for simulcast (simultaneous transmission in the present ISDB-T normal and in DTV 3.0).

But there is additionally the risk of political use of these networks, giving new help to broadcasting. Some allies of Bolsonaro, for instance, have deliberate to create a community of as much as 1,000 cities for the authorities broadcasting carried out by the EBC. TV Brasil, it is assumed, will even have the character of a public TV channel in the authorities of Lula, with editorial freedom, as beforehand established by regulation. But the EBC is affiliated with the Ministry of Communications and there is no consensus amongst the politicians going through President Lula that it needs to be an unbiased public broadcaster, in the mannequin of the BBC, because it was initially completed.

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