Fever: Understanding when it’s dangerous and how to treat it – 09/15/2022

Body temperature usually fluctuates a number of occasions through the day. But the physique has the flexibility to preserve inside warmth between 36°C and 37°C. When this restrict is exceeded, fever happens, which can be known as pyrexia.

Maybe you thought a fever was an sickness. But in reality, it is an indication that one thing is mistaken within the physique. It usually doesn’t point out a critical well being situation and even goes away by itself. However, if the temperature is considerably elevated, it is often a symptom that deserves medical analysis.

Next, be taught extra concerning the causes of fevers, when to treat them, and how to take your temperature accurately.

Causes of temperature

There is an space within the mind known as the hypothalamus that controls the stability between the manufacturing and lack of physique warmth. When the immune system responds to any aggression, the hypothalamus raises its temperature to struggle the illness. This causes an increase in temperature, which is usually the physique’s response to invaders.

Among the causes of fever:

  • Viral (eg covid-19) or bacterial (eg meningitis or pneumonia) infections;
  • warmth exhaustion, sunburn or extreme solar publicity (warmth stroke);
  • Rheumatoid arthritis;
  • Some tumors;
  • Use of antibiotics and medicines to treat hypertension or seizures
  • Mild response to vaccines;
  • dehydration;
  • Abuse of alcohol or any drug.

Symptoms embrace fever

A thermometer reveals a fever attributable to the coronavirus

Photo: Beata Zawrzel/NurPhoto by way of Getty Images

Depending on what’s inflicting the fever, different signs might happen. Most widespread:

  • Sweating, that’s, extreme sweating;
  • chills and tremors;
  • a headache;
  • Muscle ache;
  • lack of urge for food;
  • irritation;
  • dehydration;
  • General weak point.

In extreme instances, excessive fever causes psychological confusion, delusions and convulsions.

kinds of fever

Did you realize that fever can happen in numerous methods? It is essential to distinguish whether or not there’s a sample or not to assess the severity of signs, and even decide the trigger. See particulars for every kind.

Persistent fever: it is maintained, that’s, it has little fluctuation.

Remittent fever: when the temperature modifications greater than 2°C.

Persistent fever: signs happen and the particular person fluctuates between excessive and regular temperatures.

Irregular fever: As the identify suggests, there are irregular temperature modifications that alternate between excessive peaks and sharp drops.

Unexplained fever: excessive temperature a number of occasions, at the least for 3 weeks and is stored for no cause.

Recurrent fever: when an individual has a interval of fever adopted by an extended interval with out signs.

How to measure temperature?

The finest method to detect a fever is to take your physique temperature with a thermometer. The very best is to place it within the armpit space, place it accurately and await the time to learn. In a mercury thermometer, the time varies from 2 to 10 minutes.

It is important to measure the temperature at completely different occasions of the day, in addition to be aware the given time and modifications. It needs to be famous that fever begins at 37.8°C. Fever up to 38.5°C is taken into account delicate, and when it reaches or exceeds 39.5°C, it is extreme.

How is fever recognized and handled?

Fever is recognized by measuring physique temperature. To decide the trigger, the physician might order checks (blood, urine, and imaging) after analyzing the particular person’s medical historical past.

At this level within the session, you’ll be requested if the particular person has traveled just lately, what vaccines they’ve obtained, if the fever is accompanied by different signs, or if they’ve been involved with somebody who has just lately been sick.

Generally, primarily based on the gathering of those information and examinations, a prognosis and therapy plan may be developed. Doctors prescribe temperature-controlling medicine resembling dipyrone or acetaminophen to decrease the temperature. It additionally helps cut back discomfort resembling chills and weak point.

It is essential to keep away from self-medicine, which might masks a number of the signs of the illness and in some instances worsen the situation.

When is a fever a priority?

It is essential to be aware that in case of persistent fever for greater than three days, it is advisable to search medical assist to decide the trigger and begin therapy as quickly as attainable.

In addition, different signs resembling extreme headache, stiff neck, physique rash, low blood stress, wheezing, shortness of breath, or speedy respiration needs to be monitored.

People with weakened immune techniques, resembling these with HIV or most cancers, ought to search speedy medical consideration as quickly as they develop a fever. In addition, these with diabetes, kidney illness, or latest surgical procedure ought to pay extra consideration to the symptom.

In such instances, it is important to endure an examination to guarantee that every little thing is okay within the physique or that different medical interventions are wanted.

Focusing with youngsters

When fever impacts youngsters, particularly if the temperature exceeds 37.5°C in infants beneath three months, and 39°C in younger youngsters, double consideration is important. In addition, different signs resembling runny nostril, cough or diarrhea needs to be checked.

Often, a fever in youngsters doesn’t imply something critical. It may be attributable to an ear an infection, gastroenteritis or viruses. But it can be an indication of ailments resembling meningitis, kidney an infection, and pneumonia.

A child with a fever - iStock - iStock

youngster with fever

Photo: iStock

In addition, there’s a threat of febrile seizures when the physique temperature rises quickly. In such instances, lack of consciousness, tremors on either side of the physique, dizziness and/or physique stiffness are noticed. It is often innocent, however it can recur.

Parents ought to know if the kid could be very irritable, cries quite a bit, has a “gentle” physique, is apathetic (no response), doesn’t need to eat. If you discover that the pores and skin is crimson, the neck is bent, fixed vomiting, lack of urination, confusion, problem respiration, contact the pediatrician instantly.

Ways and solutions to decrease the temperature

You might have heard that taking a chilly bathe is an efficient method to convey down your fever at dwelling. However, consulted with specialists Good life Emphasize that the best is to maintain the water heat and enable you chill out and decrease your physique temperature.

An individual with a fever ought to drink loads of fluids to forestall dehydration. Drinking water, juice and tea is essential. It additionally helps regulate physique temperature.

A sick woman on vacation - iStock - iStock

A sick girl is resting after a fever

Photo: iStock

Another suggestion is to relaxation, as any exercise can increase the temperature. Also keep away from extreme clothes and blankets to forestall warmth retention.

Also, making use of a chilly compress to the brow and physique with a moist towel can assist convey down the fever.

Even if the temperature reduces your urge for food, you want to eat correctly. Invest in a lightweight and nutritious weight loss plan, with easy-to-digest meals like soups, stews, and purees.

Sources: João PratsInfectious Disease Specialist at BP – A Beneficência Portuguesa de São Paulo; Igor Brazil BrandanoAt the hospital, an infectious illness specialist in Bahia and Jaime Emanuel BritoInfectious Disease Specialist at Alcides Carneiro University Hospital in Campina Grande (PB), affiliated with Ebserh.

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