ANALYSIS-The prison shaped Lula more centrally and in line with the anti-racist and gender agenda – 01/01/2023

By Lisandra Paraguassu and Anthony Boadle

BRASILIA (Reuters) – “They tried to bury me alive, and I’m right here.” This sentence, certainly one of the few irregular ones, was talked about by Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva in his speech just a few hours after confirming his third electoral victory and shortened the path of a politician who, after 580 days in prison, returns to the Presidency. defend his legacy 12 years after leaving energy with 87% approval.

The Lula begins an unprecedented third time period since the new reforms take a special Brazil and, in some methods, completely different once more. Both have been affected by the incident of being imprisoned for corruption by the PT, whose crime could be left years later with out justice by the Justice, however it could stay an emblem of the political and social divide that gave him a slim victory over the proper. Jair Bolsonaro.

Petista realized from the three failed presidential candidates in the 90s to melt his tone in order to please the monetary elite and the personal sector in Brazil. Now, he guarantees to unite the world, however he speaks even more towards starvation and poverty, he delivered to his speech an unprecedented emphasis on anti-racist, gender and environmental agendas and he all the time opposes what he calls “the market”.

“The preliminary response to Lula 3.0 in Faria Lima isn’t nice. It is no surprise that the inventory market has fallen, the rates of interest are excessive and the actual is weak”, mentioned the economist André Perfect.

Perfect says, nonetheless, that he doesn’t count on any financial insanity in the new authorities, recalling that the Ministry of Finance was given to what was thought-about Lula’s most important guess for his successor, Fernando Haddad.

“I do not suppose that Lula is a person who has a grudge now that he’s adjusting to the left”, continues the economist, who sees in the “eager to blow the whistle” the speeches devoted to Faria Lima once more a method to please him. most loyal leftist base.

Allies of the petista instructed Reuters {that a} good a part of this new outfit of Lula was strengthened throughout the months of prison, which made him more affected person, but additionally to extend the middle and unite a gaggle of loyal supporters round him.

Lula takes with him to rule the authorities that, in half, was fashioned throughout his days in Curitiba. Next to him are names which have by no means left his aspect, resembling the chief of the PT, Gleisi Hoffmann, Haddad, and his secretary at the Lula Institute and the future chief of employees, Marco Aurélio Santana Ribeiro, Marcola – who moved to Paraná at the time from prison. .

“The means he did it elevated his imaginative and prescient once more: as we speak he has a big circle of individuals with whom he talks, with whom he chooses issues, however, at the similar time, it has enormously strengthened his work. Today he makes selections very a lot about himself, the product of that have”, examines senator Humberto Costa, certainly one of the assistants former president-elect.

During the marketing campaign, Reuters heard complaints from supporters, understanding that the centralization in the fingers of Lula was delayed even the selections of the administration generally brought about inside conflicts, in a means that shall be examined in Planalto.

In this association inherited from Curitiba, Rosângela Silva, Janja, stands out, now the first lady who began relationship Lula just a few months earlier than his arrest and turned a robust determine in Lula’s onerous core.

Much shall be seen in Janja’s profession planning in authorities, after he organized the inauguration ceremony and confirmed curiosity in communication points.

An knowledgeable in social points, Mr. Janja can also be credited with informing about girls’s rights in the presidential elections. Next to the new relationship with Janja, the studying in Curitiba and the dialogue right now helped to strengthen the agenda not solely about girls, but additionally about racism and the local weather downside which, though a part of the previous leftist guide, gained loads. has elevated in worth and socialization since PT left Planalto.

“(In prison, Lula) understood that completely different political points appeared on the scene. This gave him a brand new kind of reflection, to plan his political scenario and deliver this racial, social and political range to the first occasion of his subsequent authorities”. mentioned, Lula’s former minister, Tarso Genro.

Pressed to type a majority in Congress, the president created Esplanade with 37 portfolios, most of which shall be commanded by senior males from the social gathering.

Women held 11 of those positions, a file, though calls for resembling Brazil getting a chancellor for the first time weren’t met.

Elected Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mauro Vieira selected Maria Laura da Rocha as basic secretary of the Itamaraty, one thing additionally unprecedented, however the program to guard girls in essential positions continues, one other signal that the public demand for more illustration of girls in management shall be a everlasting stress.

“I’m certain that President Lula is anxious (with the subject). Minister Mauro Vieira may give the President an indication of the names of girls in a few of the Brazilian headquarters in the world, the place girls are seen, resembling Buenos Aires, Washington and Berlin,” says ambassador and former ambassador Irene Gala Vidal.

This understanding of Lula echoes the readings he centered on throughout his 580 days in prison.

When he was arrested on 7 April 2018, his associates inspired him to maintain a diary. The president-elect, nonetheless, determined that he would don’t have anything to file in the hours he spent, most of the time, alone.

The go to was centered on two days of the week: on Monday, leaders of all religions, in a visit organized primarily by former minister Gilberto Carvalho. On Thursday, household, girlfriend Janja and political leaders from Brazil and the world. There are just some attorneys.

Lula then learn. And, associates say, he argued with himself. I wrote letters and articles generally, and positioned orders. There have been more than 40 books that, sometimes, got here as suggestions to social networks and the fingers of consultants.

In his first days in Curitiba, certainly one of the first books received by the president was “A colour defect”, by Ana Maria Gonçalves. The story of a black lady imprisoned at the age of 8 goes into the historical past of slavery in Brazil and its practically a thousand pages accompanied Lula for a number of weeks. They have been a part of the system that even raised Lula on the subject of apartheid.

Among his favourite books is “Escravidão”, by Laurentino Gomes, “A Elite do Atraso”, by Jessé Souza; “Hunger”, by Martín Caparrós. Also biographies, resembling Carlos Marighella, Fidel Castro, Nelson Mandela, and political books, resembling “Lulismo em Crise”, by its former spokesperson André Singer, which discusses precisely what occurred to the PT and politics in the nation after. the impeachment of Dilma Rousseff.

“I wish to apologize for the feelings, as a result of whoever went via what I’ve skilled in the previous couple of years and is right here now could be the indisputable fact that God exists and that the folks of Brazil are larger than anybody who tries to rule in this nation.”, he mentioned. Lula, who wept when he graduated from the Electoral Court in December.

Without the assured public honeymoon — this Sunday’s ballot of Datafolha exhibits that 51% count on a greater administration than the earlier one –, Lula, has parameters and stress is his previous success, in the unfavorable situations of the nation’s financial system. Hide a good greater ambition after prison, says Humberto Costa.

“(He needs) to depart his mark, conclusion, legacy, and at the similar time make a change in Brazil that may have an enduring impact”, mentioned Costa.

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