The act reveals the spectrum for future use, particularly for digital TV 3.0
By Samuel Possebon – Tel Aviv
The secretary of digital social communication of the Ministry of Communications of the federal government of Lula could have some essential duties that might be carried out in 2023. The first of them is the closure of analog TV, which channels must go off the air on the finish of the 12 months, and begin the method of utilizing TV 3.0. When Lula was in authorities in his first time period, probably the most essential points within the subject of broadcasting was the definition of the Brazilian Digital TV System, creating the technological circumstances for broadcasting to go away the analogue period. It was throughout Lula’s first administration that ISDB-T was outlined because the TV 2.0 commonplace, and in 2007 the digitization of the primary channels started, with the expectation that it might be accomplished within the distant 12 months of July 2018 (date. later revised to the top of 2023).
But this course of solely began to speed up with the discharge of the 700 MHz frequency band, because of the 4G public sale held on the finish of the primary time period of Dilma Rousseff, in 2013. the closure of analog TV in about 1600 cities the place the spectrum was restricted. This work was accomplished in 2018 by the Digitization Administrator Entity (EAD), organized by Anatel by the digitization group, Gired. But some cities shouldn’t be closed instantly.
A second part within the EAD mission was then launched, together with utilizing the leftovers from the primary part. Bolsonaro’s authorities named this second part Digitaliza Brasil, which is a program to offer free digital providers to city households in cities the place there aren’t any industrial channels with distributors. Transmitters have been distributed, put in and deployed in hundreds of cities, in a course of that ends in April of this 12 months. After that, will probably be the choice of the political authorities to modify off the analog indicators from the TV stations, since right this moment virtually all the TV receivers within the inhabitants have already got the power to obtain TV indicators.
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Why delete it?
The most essential cause for the closure of analogue is to liberate spectrum for future use, particularly for digital TV 3.0. This is the third technology of know-how that’s on the best way to outline the technical parameters and setting boards and that needs to be applied within the coming years, in all probability nonetheless within the authorities of Lula 3, which is able to proceed till January 2027. TV 3.0 is to allow top quality pictures, corresponding to 4K broadcasting, and powerful integration with providers distributed on the Internet . The Broadcasting Department of the Ministry of Communications abandons the Digital TV 3.0 Policy and is prepared for the brand new secretariat of digital media to be launched, whether it is deemed to be politically motivated.
From the perspective of TV broadcasters, turning off the analog sign is essential to avoid wasting vitality and upkeep prices, however not everyone seems to be technically able to make this modification and the protection of terrestrial TV broadcasters is missing in a big a part of. the group. This dialogue concern has been partially resolved by the institution of satellite tv for pc broadcasting, however it’s a course of that may solely be absolutely applied if the C-band indicators are switched off.
From the perspective of public TV, Digitaliza Brasil ended up, in a means, with a constructive impact of accelerating the distribution of channels corresponding to TV Brasil (EBC) and Legislative processes. The drawback is that nobody is aware of who will do the job of sustaining and persevering with with the assistance of this electrical energy community that has been given to hundreds of municipalities, as they don’t have the construction or abilities to run the radio.
And there may be one other political resolution that may should be taken by the brand new Minister of Communication Juscelino Filho: what to do with the spectrum that’s being launched to be able to change off analogue TV. Now there are 7 TV channels in all municipalities of Brazil on the so-referred to as “excessive VHF”, which incorporates frequencies from 174 MHz to 216 MHz (channel 7 to 13). These channels can be utilized for the transition to TV 3.0, giving all stations a spot for simulcast (simultaneous transmission within the present ISDB-T commonplace and in DTV 3.0).
But there may be additionally the opportunity of political use of those networks, giving new assist to broadcasting. Some allies of Bolsonaro, for instance, have deliberate to create a community of as much as 1,000 cities for the federal government broadcasting carried out by the EBC. TV Brasil, it’s assumed, will even have the character of a public TV channel within the authorities of Lula, with editorial freedom, as beforehand established by legislation. But the EBC is affiliated with the Ministry of Communications and there’s no consensus among the many politicians dealing with President Lula that it needs to be an unbiased public broadcaster, within the mannequin of the BBC, because it was initially finished.
Correspondent: Tel Aviv